"Bonsai" is the Japanese pronunciation of the Chinese word "penzai', meaning "tray planting". Bonsai are not a species but a general term for any plant tamed at a miniature size, in a vase or pot, and has been practiced for hundreds of years. People who keep bonsai favor the exercise for its meditative and calming effects. With years of training the trunk and leaves, the plant can be shaped into whatever the artist desires. Some
bonsai live to be hundreds of years old, passed down through generations if they are properly maintained.
Bonsai are not typical houseplants. Juniper trees are evergreen coniferous shrubs that thrive best outside in humid environments.
Keeping a plant in a pot is vastly different from its natural state in the wild. For bonsai, plants are kept in small containers where their roots have very little space. These differences have a heavy impact on their ability to resist pests, transpiration, and nutrition, so proper long term care is necessary for a healthy life.
A variety of techniques are used to train bonsai from encouraging steady maturity, to molding shape and size. These methods vary considerably depending on your bonsai, or personal preference. These are only some general instructions, so we recommend further research such as books or online articles for further depth.
Pruning and Trimming
Pruning and Trimming – Cutting back the growth of branches, or parts of the trunk. This is what keeps the tree miniature. Leaves are typically removed by special scissors for bonsai, or any blade with a sharp edge. Do not trim the tree like a bush or a hedge, or the removal of the tips will weaken the tree and it will likely turn brown.
Clamping and Wiring
These instruments are for shaping the branches and trunk. By applying pressure on the plant, the direction of growth is encouraged to go a certain direction.
Placing new growing material into the tree.
Aging - Deadwood bonsai techniques are used to enhance texture and maturity.